The Explanation of Mikrotik Wireless Tools Usage

Mikrotik Router has Wireless function and feature that can be utilized for communication among devices by Mikrotik using wireless communication media. However, not all Mikrotik can use this Wireless feature because not all types of Mikrotik have wireless card.

For example, Mikrotik RB 750 which only has 5 Ethernet interface and have no wireless interface card. Most of Outdoor Mikrotik can use the Wireless feature as Mini PCI slot is provided for a wireless card.

Okay, this time we will learn Mikrotik wireless that is the usage of Mikrotik standard tools wireless. Wireless tools are very important in building a wireless network using Mikrotik, to observe and monitor wireless network conditions around us.

To use the Mikrotik wireless tool, you can use Winbox and go to the Wireless menu.


Or you can also go to the wlan interface with double click on the wlan.


There are several Wireless tools on the Mikrotik which have different functions, namely: Scanner, Frequency Usage Snooper, Align, and Sniffer. Here is the explanation of each wireless tools:

Scanner Tool Mikrotik

As the name implies, a scanner is used to scan by showing the active Access Point around the device. Scanner will display information from AP around the Mikrotik in detail ranging from Mac Address, SSID, Band, Frequency, Signal, SNR, Radio Name, until her RouterOS version (if the device is Mikrotik). Here is an example of the scanner usage.

Mikrotik Frequency Usage Tool

This tool is used to perform the scanning of frequency usage around your mikrotik device. Frequency Usage will show the load frequency of each frequency usage in which shows how much the frequency is used, whether it is many or just a few. Therefore, we can determine which frequencies are not too crowded by users to reduce interference.

Mikrotik Snooper Tool

By using Snooper tool, the load and the large of traffic in each frequency can be known with more detailed information. Snooper can display the Access Point information, number of station and the Client, signal, and each of its bandwidth.
http://wiki.mikrotik.com/images/8/83/Snoop2.png

Mikrotik Sniffer Tool

Package Sniffer is a tool provided on Mikrotik for capturing and extracting packages that run on the network. This tool is very useful to analyze our network traffic.


Okay, so that was the discussion about the Explanation of Mikrotik Wireless Tools Usage. I hope it will be useful :)

Auto Backup of Mikrotik Configuration with Script and Scheduler

This time MikrotikWiki Tutorial will discuss how to perform Mikrotik configuration backup automatically using Mikrotik Script and Scheduler tools. Both of these tools can be used together in the same time so that the script which we use can be run scheduled and automatically by the scheduler tool. Thus, the concept, Auto backup is done by script then the Scheduler runs the script automatically based on schedule.

Okay, let’s go a little further to learn Mikrotik; a little Scripting is alright, isn’t it? Let’s practice it.  Please open the Winbox.

Auto Backup of Mikrotik Configuration with Script and Scheduler:
1. Firstly set the script. Go to the System menu -> Scripts -> click the + button

2. Replace the name of the script into autobackup or anything. Tick all of the Policy.

3. Enter the Autobackup script to Source option. Here is the script:
/System backup save name = FileName.backup

4. The result is as shown below:

5. Click Apply -> Ok

6. Now let’s run the script whether it is able to execute the command. Click Run Script as shown below:



7. Let’s see whether the result of the backup file has been created. Go to Files menu in Winbox.

8. If the backup file does not exist, then it means that the entered script is not correct. Please check again. If it appears its backup file as shown above, we can go to the Scheduler.

9. Go to System menu -> Scheduler -> Click the button +

10. Replace the schedule name e.g. Auto Backup.
> Start Date: When the script schedule will start up automatically.
> Start Time: What time the script schedule will start up automatically.
> Interval: How long the interval time for the schedule script to start up automatically.
> On Event: What schedule will be run. Filled with the name of the Script.
Please fill all options as you wish. If you get confused, you can see an example in this image:

11. The purpose of the configuration is Schedule will execute the autobackup script commenced on 20 April 2013 at and each 8 P.M. with an interval time 7 days. So every week at 8 P.M. the autobackup script will be executed.

12. If so, click Apply -> OK

Well, up to here, Auto Backup of Mikrotik Configuration with Script and Scheduler can be used. Please try to practice. For the next stage, it will discuss Mikrotik configuration auto backup files sending via email. Keep visiting this Mikrotik Tutorial blog, okay?  ;)

What are Microtik, Mikrotic and Microtic? What is the difference with Mikrotik?

When asked what isMicrotik? What is Mikrotic? What is Microtic? The answers are they are the same as Mikrotik. How come? The Mikrotik writings are different, aren’t they? Yes, indeed they are different. The problem here, a lot of people who know Mikrotik are still getting them wrong when it comes to the writings. It should be written Mikrotik, but some are getting wrong to write it as Microtik. Some write Mikrotic, or Microtic.


At first glance, the spoken ones are also very similar, so it is natural to get them wrongly written or spoken :D Well, to answer the question of what Mikrotik is, please read this explanation :

What is Mikrotik? Definition and explanation Mikrotik - Mikrotik is a company engaged in the production of hardware and software that is associated with a computer network system headquartered in Latvia, adjacent to Russia. Mikrotik founded in 1995 to develop routers and wireless ISP system (Internet Service Provider).

Mikrotik was made by MikroTikls, a company in the city of Riga, Latvia. Latvia is a "fraction" country of the former Soviet Union or Russia today. Mikrotik originally intended made for the company's Internet service (ISP) or Internet Service Provider (ISP) that serve the customers using wireless technology or wireless. Currently, MikroTikls provides services to many wireless ISP for Internet access services in many countries in the world and it is also very popular in Indonesia. Nowadays, Mikrotik provides hardware and software for internet connectivity in most countries around the world. Superior hardware products of Mikrotik are of Routers, Switches, Antenna, and other supporting devices. Meanwhile, the flagship software product of Mikrotik is MikroTik RouterOS.
You can also read these Mikrotik Wiki Articles : 

So it is already answered to the question What are Microtik, Mikrotic andMicrotic? What  is difference withMikrotik? The answer is there is no difference, not different; it is just one form of wrong literary writing, hehe. So, do not get confused again, alright? : D

How to Monitor the Network Connection of Mikrotik with Netwatch

Netwatch is one of the features in RouterOS which is used to monitor network connections whether it is up or down. Therefore, we will soon know Mikrotik network conditions when it is down and up via e-mail or SMS.

How the Netwatch Work

This is the concept, Netwatch will ping the specified host (IP address or domain) at regular intervals e.g. every 1 minute. If the Netwatch get a Reply from pinging the host, then it means that the connection is up. In the other hand, if it get the Request timed out (RTO), then it the connection is down. We can enter a script to send an email or SMS automatically when the condition is up or down.

Well, you already know how the Netwatch work. In this article, we will learn How to Monitor the Network Connection of Mikrotik with Netwatch notification via e-mail. Why email? Why?? Well I’m about to tell you, won’t I?? : P It is already been discussed in the previous article about How to Set and Send Email in RouterOS. Please read first in order to understand.

Why don’t we use SMS? Not all Mikrotiks support SMS because only RouterBoard with USB port or Simcard that can send SMS.

How to Setting Mikrotik Netwatch

Before you start, make sure you have set the Mikrotik email configuration. If you haven’t, please read this article: How to Set and Send Email Setting in Mikrotik RouterOS.

Step-by-step How to Monitor the Network Connection of Mikrotik with Netwatch :
1. Open Winbox, go to the menu Tools -> Netwatch

2. Click the + button to add a host Netwatch.

3. Fill in host with google.com or IP address 74.125.135.138. Why Google? We choose Google because Google server is always alive (Maybe :P).
>> Interval: how long the interval time of each ping (default = 1 min)
>> Timeout: how much time indicate timeout (default = 1000ms) if the reply is more than equal to 1000ms then it will be calculated as RTO.



4. Click Apply -> Ok

5. Go to the tab up. Here we can insert a script to send emails automatically when the internet is Up. This is the example of the script:

/tool e-mail send to="destinationemail@blabla.com" from="senderemail@blabla.com" body="Internet Normal. by MikrotikWiki.com" tls=yes subjet="Cennection Monitor Mikrotik = UP"


6. Click Apply -> go to the Down tab. Here we can insert a script to send emails automatically when the internet is Down. Here is the example of the script:

/tool e-mail send to="destinationemail@blabla.com" from="senderemail@blabla.com" body="Internet Down. by MikrotikWiki.com" tls=yes subjet="Cennection Monitor Mikrotik = DOWN"


7. Please edit the script and contents of the email on your own. When you are done, click Apply -> Ok 

8. Please try to disconnect the internet connection of your Mikrotik for a while, and then plug it in again. 

9. Check inbox in the destination email where you wrote the script in. If the setting is correct, then it would appear email notification when the internet connection is down or up again.



How was that? You can handle it, can’t you? If you get confused, please ask in the comments field below. 

Okay, that was quite enough for the MikrotikWiki Tutorial on How to Monitor the Network Connection of Mikrotik with Netwatch. Good luck, keep visiting MikrotikWiki blog.

How to Set and Send an Email on Mikrotik RouterOS

MikroTik has several additional features that most of them unfamiliar and rarely used. Email is one of them. Mikrotik is equipped with the ability to send emails with an attachment that can be used to send mikrotik configuration backup emails periodically, look out and monitor the network conditions such in up or down, etc.

Before we discuss the further use of email features, we should be better to learn Mikrotik from the basic about How to Set Email and How to Send Email on Mikrotik RouterOS. For more convenience, we use Winbox to set the Mikrotik. We use Gmail to send email, so please prepare a Gmail account.

How to Set and Send an Email on Mikrotik RouterOS :
1. Open Winbox, go to the Tools menu -> Email

2. Since we use Gmail to send the email, the setting will be as follows:
>> Server: 173.194.77.108
>> Port: 587
>> From: <>
>> User: enter your Gmail email
>> Password: enter your Gmail email password 
for more details please see the following picture:

3. Click Apply -> OK

4. To try to send an email, please reopen menu Tools -> Email -> click Send Mail

5. Insert "Address, Port, User and Password" as before, tick the "TLS".
6. Enter the email address you want to send an email in the "To" field. Fill it "CC" if necessary.
7. Fill "From, Subject, and Body" as you like.
8. You can also attach a file (attachment) on the option "File".
9. If so, click Send Email for sending the email.
for more details please see the following picture:

Please check your email inbox that sent by Mikrotik email. If the email has received then it means that the configuration is already correct. Results in the email inbox will be like this:

That was the Mikrotik Wiki Tutorial on How to Set and send Email on Mikrotik RouterOS. By this, we can utilize email function to monitor the condition of the network, Mikrotik configuration backup periodically via email, etc. Please keep reading the articles about the Mikrotik email Setting on this blog, okay? ;)

How to Limit Mikrotik bandwidth with Mikrotik Simple Queue

How to Limit Mikrotik bandwidth with Mikrotik Simple Queue - Organize and manage the bandwidth usage of the Internet is an important thing when our internet connection is limited, such as limited bandwidth quota from the ISP. We need to limit the bandwidth quota for each user connecting to the Router Mikrotik. In Mikrotik Router itself, there is already available feature that can restrict (limit) bandwidth called Queue. There are two kinds of Queue on Mikrotik:

1. Simple Queue: the easiest way to do bandwidth management applied to small to medium-scale network to set the upload and download bandwidth usage for each user.

2. Queue Tree: similar to simple queue but it is more complicated, which it can narrow the bandwidth based on group and even hierarchically. We have to enable the Mangle feature on the Firewall if you want to use the Queue Tree.

In this article, we will discuss the Simple Queue feature first. Okay, let's learn mikrotik together :)

For a discussion of the Simple Queue, we will try to practice to make Bandwidth limit of all users. Please open Winbox and select Queues menu, then it will appear as follow :


Before we begin to restrict internet bandwidth by mikrotik, make sure how much Internet Bandwidth you can get from the ISP you use. Therefore, the amount of limited bandwidth does not exceed the Bandwidth allocation from ISP. For example, if the bandwidth of ISP is 1 Mbps, then the bandwidth limit is set less than or equal to 1 Mbps.

To add a new Simple Queue click the + button, it will appear as follow:


There are several tabs on the Simple Queue window, but we will only use the General and the Advanced tab.


The General tab


On the General tab there are several options that can be setup. We need to consider carefully in option Target Address and Max Limit.

Target Address
You can add target address with a specific IP address that you want to limit the bandwidth, e.g. 192.168.100.0/24. From the picture above, it can be seen that the Target Address is blank. It means the configuration bandwidth limit applies to all IP addresses.

Max Limit
Max Limit is the maximum bandwidth allocation obtained by user and users usually obtain it when there is a bandwidth allocation that is not used anymore by another user. Do not forget to check Target Upload and Target Download to activate this feature.  Select the large bandwidth that you want to limit at Max Limit. For example upload: 256kbps download: 1Mbps.

Large bandwidth limit for uploads is lower than download, because usually users use more bandwidth to download (browsing, downloading music, files, etc.) rather than uploading. You can choose as you wish.

You can also specify the time when and how long the Simple Queue will start running by selecting the Time.

Advanced Tab



On the Advanced tab, the things that need to be paid attention are Interface options and Limit At.

Interface
Select which interface you want to restrict the bandwidth, for example, the wlan1 interface to limit internet connection via a wireless. If you want to limit the bandwidth on all interfaces, select all.

Limit At
At the limit is lowest bandwidth allocation obtained by the user when the network traffic is very busy. Any bad state of the network, the user will not have the bandwidth allocation under the Limit At value. So, this limit At is the lowest bandwidth value that would be obtained by the user. The value would be filled as you wish. For example, filled with 128kbps upload, download: 512kbps.

More options will be discussed in the next Indonesian Mikrotik Tutorial article.

NOTE : Some Options on the Simple Queue window could be vary depending on the RouterOS version. 

Well, from the configuration, when all users are using internet and in the bad condition, as the result, all users will have a bandwidth of 128kbps/512kbps. If one or more users are not using the connection, bandwidth allocation will be given to users who are connected. And if only one user is using the connection the user will get the maximum bandwidth allocation, 256kbps/1Mbps.

Click ok to add the Simple Queue, so it will appear in the queue list.


In the picture above, there are two Simple Queues; the Simple Queue is created automatically by the hotspot in the previous article on How to Make Hotspot on Mikrotik: Basic Setting of Mikrotik Hotspot and Simple Queue newly created. If there are two different configurations, they will be executed from the top to bottom. 

You can configure the Simple Queue as your wish. Okay, I hope this Mikrotik Tutorial on How to Limit Mikrotik bandwidth by Mikrotik Simple Queue will be useful. Keep fighting to learn Mikrotik :)

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Mikrotik Password Recovery Tool

Forgot your Mikrotik RouterOS Password? Try this Mikrotik Password Recovery Tool! Mikrotik Password Recovery Tool is a tool to recover your Mikrotik RouterOS username and password using .backup file. This tool is very useful for you who forgot your Mikrotik Login details (Username & Password). With Mikrotik Password Recovery Tool, you can retrieve your forgotten Mikrotik RouterOS username and password easily just like the picture below :


Just upload your .backup file to this form and click Submit.
NOTE : This tool will no longer function on RouterOS v6.13 and above.

How to Make a Hotspot on Mikrotik: Basic Setting of Mikrotik Hotspot

Mikrotik Router is a full-feature router. One feature that is quite popular and widely used comes from Mikrotik Router itself that is hotspot. Do you know the difference between common internet sharing and Hotspot? Perhaps you often find Wi-Fi internet signal with password using WPA or WEP. You will be able to surf into the internet if you enter the correct password.

Therefore, anyone can access the Wi-Fi by knowing the password since the password is only one. In contrast to Hotspot method, which is where most Wi-Fi hotspot has no password and all users can connect then redirected to the login page in the Web Browser. Each user can log in with different username and password. This kind method is the one that we often find in Wi-Fi Cafe, school, college, or other public areas.

Well, now Mikrotik Wiki will discuss Mikrotik Tutorial on make and set mikrotik as a Hotspot. But first, you need to know what are the advantages of Mikrotik Hotspot. By using Mikrotik as a Hotspot, you can configure the wireless network that can only be used with a specific username and password. You can also perform management on the users. For example, setting the total duration of the hotspot usage per user, limiting how much data can be downloaded for each user, setting what content may be accessed by users, etc.

Okay, you already know what are the advantages and features of mikrotik hotspot. Now, let’s move on to practice study of Mikrotik. We start with a basic configuration of the hotspot.

1. Specify the interface that will be made by hotspot. Because we will make a hotspot via Wi-Fi then select wlan interface. Here I assume using wlan1. Enable wlan1 and use AP Bridge mode, input the SSID with the name of your hotspot.

2. Give wlan1 interface an IP address, for example 192.168.100.1/24
open Winbox, go to IP -> Address


3. Now we start making Hotspot for wlan1. For easier usage, we use Hotspot Setup wizard. Go to the IP menu -> Hotspot -> Hotspot Setup



4. Choose Hotspot Interface: wlan1 -> click Next

5. Then fill in the IP address of the wlan1 and check Masquerade Network. Click Next


6. Specifies the range of IP addresses that will be given to the user (DHCP Server), e.g.: 192.168.100.10-192.168.100.254. Therefore, the user will be given an IP automatically by DHCP server between the IP range.


7. Choose an SSL certificate. Select none only, click Next.


8. Clear the SMTP Server for IP Address. Click Next.


9. Enter the DNS Server address. Just fill it with Google DNS servers: 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4. Click Next.


10. Enter the DNS name servers to the local hotspot. If completed it will replace the IP address of the wlan1 as the login page url. If it is not filled in, the login page url will use the IP address of the wlan1. You can leave it blank, then click next.


11. Hotspot has been successfully established. You can try to connect to the hotspot.


12. Open a browser and access any web, for example www.mikrotikwiki.com, and then you will be redirected to the login page of mikrotik.hotspot

13. Please try to login with username: admin and password: blank.

14. If you are successful to login, then it means your Hotspot is fine.

15. To edit and add the users, please go to IP menu -> Hotspot -> click the Users tab


Okay that was quite enough for the tutorial on How to Create Hotspot on Mikrotik: Basic Setting of Mikrotik Hotspot. For other mikrotik hotspot feature explanation such as the explanation of hotspot tab menu and user manager using the RADIUS server will be discussed in the next articles. Good luck :)

What is NTP? NTP Client Setting on Mikrotik

The Definition of NTP

Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a mechanism or protocol used to synchronize the time in a computer system and network. The synchronization process is performed in the data communication line that typically uses a communication protocol TCP / IP. So, the process here can be seen as a regular data communication process that only exchanges data packets.

NTP uses UDP communication port number 123. This protocol is indeed designed to be able to work well even though the medium of communication are varies, ranging from the time which has high to low quality, ranging from medium to medium aerial cable. This protocol allows computer devices to continue to perform extremely precise time synchronization in that variety of media. Usually in a network, some nodes are equipped with NTP with a view to form a synchronization subnet. The nodes will then communicate with each other and equalize air synchronization of their time recorded. Although there are some nodes that will be the master (primary server), NTP protocol does not require the selection mechanism.

Okay now, you already know what it is NTP, right? If it is clear on the NTP, then it is time to move on to the NTP setting on Mikrotik. Let’s study more about Mikrotik.

Setting Network Time Protocol Client in Mikrotik


Under certain conditions Mikrotik Router should work based on time, date, day, and hour, for example, if you want to block internet access outside working hours or block some sites at certain hours. If you use a PC as a Mikrotik then certainly it is not a problem because the computer’s motherboard is already installed battery that maintains the time configuration. But on the Mikrotik RouterBoard that does not have an internal battery then the time configuration will be messed up every time the router restarts.

Well, to avoid inaccuracies time configuration, the Mikrotik Router needs to be configured to Network Time Protocol (NTP). Mikrotik router needs to know the NTP server on the Internet and will try to adapt to the existing time configuration at NTP server. To synchronize the time configuration on Mikrotik Router.

To more easily, please use Winbox to configure NTP client. Open Winbox, go to System - > NTP Client, as shown below:



Check the Enabled option -> Mode: unicast ->
Primary NTP Server: 128.138.141.172
Secondary NTP Server : 202.146.247.134

You can use another NTP server if you want. In another version of Router OS, the NTP menu will shown as SNTP, just like this picture :



Make sure your Mikrotik's internet connection is up and running, so the NTP client can synchronize the time to NTP Server.


I hope that this Mikrotik tutorial about what is NTP? NTP Client Setting on Mikrotik can be useful :).

Tutorial Share USB Modem Internet connection with Mikrotik

How to Share USB Modem Internet connection with Mikrotik - Several new types of Mikrotik have already supported USB port that can be used for a variety of things. Device like a USB port on a PC, can be used for additional storage media such as USB flash. Besides, it can also function as an interface to connect the modem 3G/EVDO. It makes Mikrotik devices become more flexible in installation, especially in a location that is not affordable internet connection that normally using a wired or wireless.


RouterBoard device that has a USB interface support discrete coded "U" as in RB411U, RB411UAHR, RB433UAH, RB751U-2HnD, RB751G-2HnD, RB750UP and so on. (Note: To RB411UAHR USB power injector is required to turn on a USB device).

Topology
This article gives a step by step tutorial to use the USB port for modem functions, as a picture of the network, this tutorial uses the RouterBoard Indoor RB751U-2HnD and 3G sierra 881U modem, which forms the topology like the one in the image below:

Here are some steps we have to do in the configuration: 


IP Address

The first step is adding IP address in the router on the interface that will be used for the local network.

Wireless Access Point

The next is to enable wlan1 interface as an access point for the distribution of wireless connection to the local network.


DNS
For DNS settings, we need to enable the parameter "allow remote request" so that our client can request the DNS to our router.


USB Devices
If the IP interface (Ethernet and wireless) and DNS is configured, then we pair our 3G modem into the USB port on the router. The thing we need to check is the "/system resource usb".
For devices that already supported by Mikrotik, usually a new USB device will appear automatically. Mikrotik also will create a new interface "ppp-out1". 



PPP Dial-Out
To enter the Username, Password and APN from our providers, we enter them in ppp-out1 interface that has been created by Mikrotik.


NAT Masquerade

The last step, we have to add srcnat masquerade for ppp-out1 interface so that the client can access to the internet.


Note: Make sure that your modem is already recognized by OS Mikrotik.
A complete list of modems that have been recognized by the OS proxy are provided in:
http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Supported_Hardware#3G_cards

Okay, for those of you who want to try to share the internet connection from a USB modem directly via Mikrotik, you can try this tutorial. But, with one condition, you have the RouterBoard: D. Okay, good luck in trying the Mikrotik Wiki Tutorials :)

How to Learn Mikrotik Without RouterBoard Using VirtualBox


How to Learn Mikrotik Without RouterBoard Using VirtualBox. Here we use VirtualBox to run Mikrotik RouterOS and Windows XP virtually. The aim is that we can still learn and modify Mikrotik RouterOS without having the RouterBoard. I did that because I was in charge to the task from the state. Furthermore, I did not bring the Mikrotik RouterBoard. So, it was hard to have some experiments. That is why I try to use the Virtual Machine.

For more details, please see the picture of following topology that we will build:


The things we need are:

1. The PC / laptop that connected to the Internet. You can choose the connection, using Modem, Wi-Fi, or others device, it’s up to you.
2. Latest VirtualBox software, please download here.
3. Mikrotik RouterOS Installer File, you can find here.
4. Files Installer (ISO) Windows XP, please find it by yourself. You may browse in google : D
5. Download Mikrotik Winbox.
6. A cup of coffee and snacks to accompany you modifying it ;)

Here I am using Windows XP to make it easier in the configuration. It is also lighter and faster loading. If you want to use other windows, go ahead. Using Linux is not a matter either. But here I demonstrate how to use Windows XP SP3.

let’s just get it started. Here are steps.

Installation Steps:

1. Please Download and Install VirtualBox.
2. Create a new VM for Windows XP, adjust the resource (RAM, hard drive) to your PC spec.
3. Boot the VM with Windows XP installer ( ISO ).
4. Run the VM Win XP - > Win XP Perform the installation process to complete it.
5. Create a new VM for Mikrotik - > Do the same way as in Win XP.
6. Boot the VM with Mikrotik RouterOS installer ( ISO ).
7. Execute the VM Mikrotik - > Perform RouterOS installation process to finish (the tutorial is here).

 

Network Configuration steps:

In accordance with the above topology, we use 2 Ether on Mikrotik.
Ether1 to connect to the Client (Host -only) - > IP address 10.10.10.2/24
Ether2 for connection to the Internet (NAT) - > IP address automatically comes from a DHCP Client

For more details, please see the video tutorial that I made for you:

Basically, I wrote this article in Indonesian from Tutorial Mikrotik Indonesia, but I have translate it in English and I have make the english subtitle in the video too. Okay, I hope Tutorial on How to Learn Mikrotik RouterBoard Without Using VirtualBox is good for you. Good luck. :)

Reasons Why You Cannot Connect to Winbox via Mikrotik Mac Address

Why do my Mikrotik can't be detected when being Search in Winbox?
Why do my Mikrotik can't connect to Winbox via MAC address?
These two questions may appear in your mind when you want to access Mikrotik via Winbox but you cannot get into it. Well, this time I will try to explain and answer those questions. Before we start, make sure you have Winbox. You can download Mikrotik Winbox here.

Basically, Winbox is a utility that is used to perform remote to mikrotik server in GUI mode (Graphical User Interface). Therefore, you do not need to bother to type Mikrotik commands, just click on its graphical menus. Usually in Winbox, we only search in the menu [...] next to Connect to, the Mikrotik will be detected. Next, we can choose to connect to Mikrotik via Winbox IP address or MAC address, as shown below:


Well, then comes the first question:
"Why do my Mikrotik can't be detected when being Search in Winbox?"

There are several possibilities :
1. Mikrotik does not connected properly to the PC/Laptop
If you use cable, check the network cable whether it can be used or not.
If you use wireless, make sure the laptop is well connected to the Mikrotik SSID.
If you use Wireless Hotspot, make sure you have LOGIN to Mikrotik hotspot via web browser.
2. Your Mikrotik is Hang/Crash, so it is not detected. The solution is try to restart the Mikrotik by unplugging the power cable and reconnect it.

3. Your PC/Laptop is installed the Virtual Adapter from other applications, such as VirtualBox or VMWare, etc. After those two possibilities are resolved, it turns out that this is happening to me as well. Perhaps this also happens to your PC/Laptop. Try to check in the "Network and Sharing Center" whether the other virtual adapters has been installed on your PC.
If those Virtual Adapters are enabled, then when we're trying to search Mikrotik on Winbox, it won't shown up.
 

To overcome this, we can disable the virtual adapter by accessing to the menu "Change Adapter Settings".

Disable all installed virtual adapters on your PC/Laptop. Right click on the Virtual Adapter -> Click Disable. It is shown as below:
 

After all disable, search the mikrotik in winbox once again. Then, the mikrotik will appear as in the picture:

Try to connect to Mikrotik via the MAC address. 


Now try to turn on one of the Virtual Adapters. Then, an error message "router has been disconnected" will appear in Winbox. As shown below:


This happens because we connect to Winbox via MAC Address. Therefore, when the Virtual Adapter is enabled, the Winbox connection will break and cannot be connected anymore via MAC Address. It can only connect via IP address.

Those were some reasons why we cannot connect to winbox via Mikrotik Mac Address, which I had experienced. It turns out that there is a cause and solution. I hope that what I wrote above can help you.